Newcastle Disease (ND)

Newcastle Disease (ND)


Abstract

Depending on the viral strain, exposure to ND virus may lead to subclinical infection or a range of syndromes including respiratory distress, diarrhoea, CNS involvement with spasms, torticollis and paralysis. Mortalities may be as high as 90%. Natural hosts are domestic poultry, turkeys, pheasants, quail, pigeons, ducks, geese and many species of wild and captive birds.

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The whole of the literary matter of the Avian Veterinary Handbook. FCE Publication No.120 is copyright VetLearn Foundation, Downloading this article signifies agreement with the terms and conditions of electronic access.