An experiment to measure the dose-response relationship of ovulation rate to FSH in cows selected with a history of twinning

An experiment to measure the dose-response relationship of ovulation rate to FSH in cows selected with a history of twinning
Peer reviewed

Abstract

Fifteen mature cows and 12 two-year-old heifers were superovulated with purified follicle stimulating hormone (FSH-P) to study the relationship between FSH-P dose level and response (measured as number of palpated corpora lutea (CL) and plasma progesterone concentration). The cattle came from a high prolificacy breeding herd for which cows were originally purchased after producing at least two sets of twins; the heifers were bred in the herd. At dose levels of 8,16, 24 and 28 mg FSH-P in cows, averages respectively of 2.3, 3.5, 6.9 and 11.1 palpable CLs were found. There was an average difference in response of two CLs between heifers and cows (higher in heifers, though not significantly so). The relationship found between progesterone concentration and CL number could be a useful indicator of superovulation success in future experiments. The regression for cows was 1.25 ± 0.11 rig/ml progesterone per unit increase in CL number, with a correlation of 0.92 between the two variables over the CL range 1 to 25. The corresponding value for heifers was 2.74 ± 0.24 rig/ml per CL (correlation 0.94), or 2.50 ± 0.40 rig/ml per CL (correlation 0.83) if one record (29 CL, 84 ng progesterone/ml) was excluded.

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