Epidemiology of typical and atypical rotavirus infections in New Zealand pigs

Epidemiology of typical and atypical rotavirus infections in New Zealand pigs
Peer reviewed

Abstract

Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were employed to investigate the epidemiology of typical and atypical rotavirus infections in five piggeries. Of 152 faecal samples examined, 46 (30 per cent) were positive by ELISA for group A rotavirus. Rotaviruses with electrophoretic patterns resembling groups A, B and C were detected. At least two and up to five different rotavirus electrophoretypes (typical and/or atypical) were detected in each of the five piggeries. Out of 152 faecal samples examined, 28 (18 per cent) contained rotaviruses with group A electrophoretypes, 9 (6 per cent) with group C but only 1 with Group B. Six samples contained both group A and group C rotaviruses. No common electrophoretypes of group A or C rotaviruses were detected in these five piggeries. The PAGE technique was also used to analyze group A rotavirus isolated sequentially from another piggery over a three year period. A singIe electrophoretype was found during the first two years, but in the third year a different electrophoretype was detected.

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